Pondicherry – A French Colony on the Bay of Bengal


Pondicherry along with Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam was part of France till 1954 when it was transferred to India through a treaty. It later became a Union Territory.

Pondicherry’s culture is a blend of both French and Indian traditions. Tamil culture is evident in temples like Manakula Vinayagar and festivals such as Thaipusam where devotees pierce their bodies.


Located on the Bay of Bengal, Pondicherry, or Puducherry as it is more commonly known, was a French colony until 1954. Today it is a Union Territory and the French legacy can still be felt in the tree-lined streets, mustard-colored villas and chic boutiques. The city is a great place to explore Indian culture with its many temples, mosques and churches, as well as a wide selection of restaurants and cafes.

The history of Pondicherry begins with the Pallava dynasty, which ruled from 325 AD to 900 AD. The tenth century saw the Cholas take over, followed by the Pandyas and Vijayanagar empire in the thirteenth century. During this time, the town was a major hub of trade. Ancient Roman scripts mention a port called Poduke or Puducherry and it is believed that the sage Agastya established his ashram here during this time.

In the early twentieth century, student protests pushed for an end to French control and leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Bal Gangadhar Tilak visited Pondicherry and its enclaves to address the crowds. These movements were augmented by grassroots organisations called mahajana sabhas, which organised the non-cooperation movement. The Indian independence movement was a bloody one, with many of the residents from the French settlements losing their lives.

The city is divided into the Indian Quarter (Ville Noire / Black Town) and the French Quarter. Exploring the streets in the French Quarter is the best way to immerse yourself in the culture and get a feel for the past. The RUE DUMAS, RUE SUFFREN, RUE ROMAIN ROLAND, and RUE LA BOURDONNAIS are the main streets in the area and they all have been beautifully maintained.

A walk around the French Quarter is also a great opportunity to see the lifestyle of the locals. Large compounds with imposing walls characterise the houses in the area, as does the way they keep their private and public lives separate.

A few kilometres outside of the city, you will find Auroville, a community which is home to people from all over the world who live in simplicity and believe in “live and let live”. This place is the perfect example of how modern yet cultural India can be.

Places to visit

Pondicherry has a variety of places to visit and explore. Whether you want to see classic French bakeries or shop at bohemian boutiques, there’s something for everyone here. It’s also a great destination for adventure seekers, as you can indulge in exciting water sports. The town is home to Sri Aurobindo Ashram and Auroville, both of which are a must-visit.

The Ousteri Lake is one of the best places to visit in Pondicherry, especially if you love bird watching. The artificial lake is home to more than 40 species of migratory birds, and it’s one of the most important wetland sites in Asia. The lake is an ideal place to spend a relaxing afternoon with your family or friends. You can go for boat rides, stroll around the park, and enjoy its beautiful surroundings.

A must-visit for history buffs, the Old Lighthouse is one of the most popular attractions in Pondicherry. The landmark was built in the 19th century and once served as a guiding light for ships entering the Bay of Bengal. The structure is a reminder of the city’s rich colonial past, and it’s also a great photo spot.

Another highlight of Pondicherry is the Promenade Beach, which stretches from the War Memorial to Goubert Avenue. The pristine sand and gentle waves make this beach a peaceful retreat for travellers and locals alike. It’s a perfect spot for morning walks, swimming, and sunset viewing. You can also find a number of cafes in the vicinity to enjoy delicious seafood delicacies.

If you’re a foodie, you should include Chez Francis in your Pondicherry travel itinerary. This restaurant is known for its romantic ambience and French-Indian cuisine. The eatery’s most popular dishes include the creole crevette (creole-style prawns), French-Indian style roasted chicken, and curry-crusted fish. In addition, its clients have praised the place’s vegan pistachio and vanilla ice cream.

During your stay in Pondicherry, don’t miss out on the Pondy Botanical Garden. The park is one of the most serene spots in the city and offers a soothing respite from the blazing sun. It’s home to more than 1500 exotic varieties of plants and trees, as well as many beautiful fountains. It’s a great place for nature lovers and kids alike, and it even hosts musical fountain shows every weekend.

Things to do in Pondicherry

A trip to Pondicherry is incomplete without a night out in the city’s vibrant and captivating nightlife. The city is dotted with numerous cafes, bars and restaurants that offer delectable cuisine and fantastic beverages. Enjoy the music, food and atmosphere at popular venues like Zero House, Asat, Paradise Lounge and Bamboo Bar.

If you’re looking for a more relaxed and laid-back experience, head over to the gorgeous beaches of Pondicherry. The white sands and glistening water of these beaches are sure to take your breath away. You can also try out some of the water sports offered here, such as jet skiing and windsurfing.

Another must-visit attraction in Pondicherry is the Ousteri Lake. This pristine wetland is home to more than 40 bird species, including Golden Oriole, Painted Stork, White Ibis and Openbill Stork. The lake also offers visitors a tranquil environment for meditation and relaxation.

For history buffs, Pondicherry’s museums are a treasure trove of historical artifacts and information. The Pondicherry Museum is one such attraction and houses an impressive collection of artifacts from the Arikamedu Roman settlement, pre-Christian relics, bronze sculptures and stonework from two of India’s greatest dynasties, Chola and Pallava. The museum also has a variety of art and handicrafts.

You can also visit the French War Memorial to pay your respects to the soldiers who lost their lives in the World Wars. This memorial is beautifully lit up on Bastille Day in July, and it’s a sight to behold.

For the shopaholics, Pondicherry is home to a number of boutiques and stores where you can purchase clothes, bags and accessories. You can find the perfect gift for friends and family back home from here. Some of the best places to buy from include Kalki, Geethanjali and La Boutique d’Auroville.

Auroville, or ‘the city of dawn’, is a unique international community that was founded by Sri Aurobindo and his disciple, known as ‘The Mother’. The ashram is a place where people from all over the world can come and live together in peace and harmony, regardless of their religion and culture. This is one of the most renowned tourist attractions in Pondicherry and is worth visiting at least once in your lifetime.

Things to avoid

Pondicherry is a French-Indian city with a unique culture. The French influence is evident in everything from the architecture to the food. Many of the locals speak fluent French, and you can find a wide range of restaurants offering fusion cuisine. The best time to visit the city is from October to February when the weather is cool and dry. If you’re planning to visit Pondicherry, it’s a good idea to book a hotel in White Town or the old town area. The area is filled with quaint cafes and beautiful colonial buildings that are perfect for taking photographs.

The beaches are one of the main attractions in Pondicherry. Rock Beach is a popular spot where visitors can spend the day relaxing and swimming in the sea. The beach also has a few shacks where you can get drinks and snacks. It’s important to note that the water can be quite rough at times, so be careful when swimming.

Another great attraction in Pondicherry is the Auroville ashram. This spiritual community was founded by Aurobindo and his disciple, Mirra Alfassa. They wanted to create a peaceful society where people would live in harmony with nature. The ashram is open to visitors and has an interesting history.

One of the best ways to enjoy a trip to Pondicherry is by renting a bicycle. There are a number of rental agencies that offer bikes at affordable rates. You can choose a bike that is suitable for your needs and schedule. A bicycle can help you explore the city more easily and comfortably. It’s also a great way to save money on taxi rides.

When visiting Pondicherry, be sure to wear comfortable shoes and sunscreen. The sun can be extremely strong in the city, and it’s important to protect yourself from it. You can also use a cap or hat to shield your face from the sun’s rays. In addition, you should bring a waterproof camera to capture some beautiful photos of the city.

While there are plenty of things to see and do in Pondicherry, it’s important to plan your trip carefully to avoid any problems. Make sure to research the city before you visit, and consider consulting with locals and other trusted travel resources for safety recommendations. It’s also a good idea to carry around maps and keep a guidebook with you. This will help you navigate the city and find the most interesting places to visit.